Date of Award

Spring 2018

Document Type

Thesis Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Athletic Training

Committee Chairperson

Carolyn Jimenez, Ph.D., LAT, ATC

Committee Member

Scott Heinerichs, Ed.D., LAT, ATC

Committee Member

Jeffrey Harris, DrPH, MPH, RD, LDN, FAND


Context: Low back injuries are common injuries among golfers of all ages and skill levels. Previous literature suggests that strengthening programs will not only enhance golf performance, but will also prevent low back injuries. However, no other study has assessed Patient Reported Outcomes of low back pain disability in golfers. Objective: To evaluate the impact of a golf-specific strengthening program on golf performance and patient reported outcomes of low back pain disability in collegiate golfers. Design: Prospective cohort study. Participants: Seven Division II golfers (median values of age 20 years old, height of 162.56 cm., weight of 61.24 kg., and a United States Golf Association handicap index of 9.0). Intervention: Golf performance (driving distance, club head speed, and ball velocity), strength, flexibility, balance, and patient reported outcomes were assessed prior to and immediately following a six-week golf-specific exercise protocol. This protocol was completed three times per week for six week, with each exercise session lasting approximately 60 minutes. Results: Stance leg hip adduction and stance leg hip flexion strength significantly decreased following the six-week strengthening program.