Finding polynomial solutions to Pell’s equation is of interest as such solutions sometimes allow the fundamental units to be determined in an infinite class of real quadratic fields. In this paper, for each triple of positive integers (c, h, f) satisfying c 2 − f h2 = 1, where (c, h) are the smallest pair of integers satisfying this equation, several sets of polynomials (c(t), h(t), f(t)) which satisfy c(t) 2 − f(t) h(t) 2 = 1 and (c(0), h(0), f(0)) = (c, h, f) are derived. Moreover, it is shown that the pair (c(t), h(t)) constitute the fundamental polynomial solution to the Pell’s equation above. The continued fraction expansion of p f(t) is given in certain general cases (for example, when the continued fraction expansion of √ f has odd period length, or even period length or has period length ≡ 2 mod 4 and the middle quotient has a particular form etc). Some applications to determining the fundamental unit in real quadratic fields is also discussed.
Journal of the London Mathematical Society
London Mathematical Society
McLaughlin, J. (2003). Polynomial Solutions to Pell's Equation and Fundamental Units in Real Quadratic Fields. Journal of the London Mathematical Society, 67(1), 16-28. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wcupa.edu/math_facpub/44