Date of Award
Doctor of Public Administration (DPA)
Public Policy and Administration
Kristen Crossney, Ph.D.
Jeremy Phillips, Ph.D., MPA
Youth living in poverty have difficulty transitioning into adulthood. Barriers impact their ability to successfully attain a credential and become employed. Few studies have been conducted on the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, which offered employment and training solutions for low-income youth facing barriers to completing high school and attaching to the workforce. Using eleven years of data, this study examines the impact of pregnancy or parenting status, homeless status, and offender status on a youth’s ability to attain a credential or be employed in the first quarter after program exit. Results show that overall, the WIA youth program was effective. Implications of the study findings, relative to policy and program initiatives, are discussed.
McLoughlin, Louise, "Failure to Launch: An exploratory study of the impact of the Workforce Investment Act on transition to adulthood among low income youth" (2019). West Chester University Doctoral Projects. 54.