Date of Award

Summer 2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Public Administration (DPA)


Public Policy and Administration

Committee Chairperson

Kristen B. Crossney, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Francis Atuahene, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Cameron Waldner, MLA.



The Coronavirus known as the COVID-19 pandemic has set people at massive risk with all different dimensions of dilemmas and issues; The United States has put efforts to control the virus's spread by focusing on a strategy to reduce the impact. This paper aims to investigate the relationship between public policy and public health. However, the current data have shown the U.S. is continuing to struggle to respond to the pandemic. This study aims to analyze the role of leadership behavior, disaster preparedness and response programs, and collective actions toward COVID-19 in crisis response. This virus's nature includes treatment and infection. All the local, state, and federal efforts to reduce the impact and bring an effective vaccine are considered a critical and significant part of the event. Social interaction between people has become more dynamic, with risk accompanied by substantial consequences since the virus started in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and quickly reached the U.S. in January 2020, which caused a declaration as an international public health emergency. The outbreak has also caused significant lockdowns, loss of businesses, lack of mobility, and remote work. A complete framework of practical approach and practice is needed to overcome all difficulties and limit livelihoods impacted during the crisis. The study has explored Public Health officials’ ability to navigate the crisis response in a critical political atmosphere. A qualitative research approach was used and included interviews and case studies. Findings indicate significant challenges between policymakers and public health leaders in crisis response.