Date of Award
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Education Policy, Planning, and Administration
David Backer, Ph.D.
Jocelyn Manigo, Ed.D.
Marie Bunner, Ed.D.
Does virtual learning impact student engagement in developmental education? This convergent mixed methods study measures student experience and perceptions during one such bridge program forced online during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using the Online Student Engagement Scale (OSE), I measured students’ perceived engagement levels in the online course (Dixson, 2015). Drawing from self-reflecting journal entries and observations, I measured students’ experience of participation and engagement. Understood through Astin’s (1999) Theory of Student Involvement, the findings of this study showed high perceived and demonstrated engagement in the developmental reading and study skills course. In addition, students struggled with their perceived study skills and finding time to engage with their peers. These results suggest that students can engage in a virtual setting but need structure and time to complete the required work.
Machcinski, Kaitlyn, "Online Student Course Engagement in a Developmental Summer Bridge Program: A Mixed Methods Study" (2022). West Chester University Doctoral Projects. 146.