Context: Patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) have demonstrated sensorimotor impairments. Submaximal force steadiness and accuracy measure sensory, motor, and visual function via a feedback mechanism, which helps researchers and clinicians comprehend the sensorimotor deficits associated with CAI. Objective: To determine if participants with CAI experienced deficits in hip and ankle submaximal force steadiness and accuracy compared with healthy control participants. Design: Case-control study. Setting: Research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-one patients with CAI and 21 uninjured individuals. Main Outcome Measure(s): Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and force steadiness and accuracy (10% and 30% of MVIC) of the ankle evertors and invertors and hip abductors were assessed using the central 10 seconds (20%– 87% of the total time) of the 3 trials. Results: Relative to the control group, the CAI group demonstrated less accuracy of the invertors (P , .001). Across all motions, the CAI group showed less steadiness (P , .001) and less accuracy (P , .01) than the control group at 10% of MVIC. For MVIC, the CAI group displayed less force output in hip abduction than the uninjured group (P , .0001). Conclusions: Patients with CAI were unable to control ongoing fine force (10% and 30% of MVIC) through a feedback mechanism during an active test. These findings suggested that deficits in sensorimotor control predisposed patients with CAI to injury positions because they had difficulty integrating the peripheral information and correcting their movements in relation to visual information.
Journal of Athletic Training
National Athletic Trainers' Association
Lee, H., Son, S., Kim, H., Han, S., Seeley, M., & Hopkins, J. T. (2021). Submaximal Force Steadiness and Accuracy in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability. Journal of Athletic Training, 56(5), 454-460. http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/15-20