This study details the progress in transportation data analysis with a novel computing framework in keeping with the continuous evolution of the computing technology. The computing framework combines the Labeled Latent Dirichlet Allocation (L-LDA)-incorporated Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier with the supporting computing strategy on publicly available Twitter data in determining transportation-related events to provide reliable information to travelers. The analytical approach includes analyzing tweets using text classification and geocoding locations based on string similarity. A case study conducted for the New York City and its surrounding areas demonstrates the feasibility of the analytical approach. Approximately 700,010 tweets are analyzed to extract relevant transportation-related information for one week. The SVM classifier achieves > 85% accuracy in identifying transportation-related tweets from structured data. To further categorize the transportation-related tweets into sub-classes: incident, congestion, construction, special events, and other events, three supervised classifiers are used: L-LDA, SVM, and L-LDA incorporated SVM. Findings from this study demonstrate that the analytical framework, which uses the L-LDA incorporated SVM, can classify roadway transportation-related data from Twitter with over 98.3% accuracy, which is significantly higher than the accuracies achieved by standalone L-LDA and SVM.
Article Number: UNSP 102410
Khan, S. M., Chowdhury, M., Ngo, L. B., & Apon, A. (2020). Multi-class twitter data categorization and geocoding with a novel computing framework. Cities, 96(Article Number: UNSP 102410), 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.102410